Allergies are a reaction of the immune system when exposed to some allergenic element.
Children always are more likely to develop allergies than adults because their immune system is still developing and can react in an adverse way the various elements.
Allergies in children also have a hereditary tendency, that is, if one or both parents suffer from frequent allergies, then your child is most at risk of developing allergies than other children the same age. However, it should be noted that children are not necessarily allergic to the same substances as their parents.
Food allergies are the most common and difficult to detect in young children and this is justified by the immaturity of the digestive system.
Allergies to milk, eggs and / or wheat are relatively common up to 6 years old, but after this age it is normal to disappear allergy.
There are, however, other food allergies that are permanent such as fish, seafood and some nuts.
Symptoms of allergies in children
Symptoms of allergies in children can vary slightly, but there are some symptoms that are persistent case should not be ignored. Infants and children who have symptoms such as a constant itchy nose or red skin rashes and accompanied by swelling, should be seen by a pediatrician immediately.
The other symptoms of allergies in children are alarming for parents and may have difficulty in breathing or swelling of the lips and tongue (sometimes tongue swells so much that does not fit in the mouth and hinders proper breathing), diarrhea, gas and frequent cramps.
How to identify allergies in children
The best way to identify allergies in children is by observing the child when it is exposed to the allergenic substance.
Some allergy tests are not advisable to 5 years old children or younger, and the pediatric may choose different approaches to identify potential allergies in children.
Sometimes, parents are asked to do daily feeding and monitor the child activities for a few days to try to establish a relationship between allergy symptoms and potential agents that are causing the allergy.
How to treat allergies in children
The best treatment for allergies in children (or adults) is to avoid contact with the agent that causes the allergy.
In case there is a contact with the offending agent, antihistamine medications can be given that the pediatrician has advised.
If there is an observed aggressive allergic reaction in children that may impede breathing capacity, they should be sent immediately to a hospital.